Robert Rauschenberg

Robert Rauschenberg

Scattergram – 1979
Signed and dated “RAUSCHENBERG 79” lower center
Solvent transfer on fabric collaged on paper
78 x 54 cm / 30.70 x 21.25 in
Piece registered by the Robert Rauschenberg Foundation under the number 79.D061.

I want to incorporate into my painting any objects of real life Robert Rauschenberg

Born of a mother who was a seamstress, Robert Rauschenberg’s work is significantly affected by the importance of patchwork in his collages and his combines.

A major figure of American Post-War Art, Robert Rauschenberg received forceful artistic training: the Académie Julian in Paris first, Black Mountain College in North Carolina especially – where he attended the celebrated classes of Joseph Albers and finally the Art Students League in New York where he met Cy Txombly among others.

It is with Cy Twombly and thanks to his friend’s finances that Rauschenberg travelled throughout Europe, drawing inspiration for his first collages from landscapes and Mediterranean vestiges.

In 1953, a second decisive encounter: he met Jasper Johns. These two neo-Dada artists exhibited with the great American dealer, Leo Castelli. There, Rauschenberg showed his combines in which he incorporated found and unexpected objects, extending the conventions of a work of art beyond its entrenchments.

A stumped drawing by Willem de Kooning that was almost rubbed out, inspired his interest in the process of reproduction: Rauschenberg then explored the solvent-transfer technique which enabled him to incorporate images and photos into his works.

1964 was the climax of his career: he won the Grand Prize of the Venice Biennale.

Robert Rauschenberg’s works are collected all over the world, in major international museums such as the Pompidou Centre in Paris, Tate Britain in London, Basel Kunstmuseum, the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, the Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza in Madrid, the Museu d´Art Contemporani in Barcelona, MoMa and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York, the Smithsonian American Art Museum in Washington, the Art Institute and Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA) in addition to numerous private collections.

Major exhibitions

Rauschenberg: 34 Drawings for Dante’s Inferno, MoMA – Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1965
Rauschenberg: Soundings, MoMA – Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1968
Robert Rauschenberg, Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf, 1980
Robert Rauschenberg, Centre Pompidou, Paris, 1981
Rauschenberg in China, MoMA – Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1982
Rauschenberg/Performance, Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, 1984
Rauschenberg, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1987
Robert Rauschenberg – Retrospectiva, Museo Guggenheim de Arte Moderno y Contemporáneo, Bilbao, 1998
Robert Rauschenberg, MAM – Miami Art Museum, Miami, 2005
Robert Rauschenberg, Centre Pompidou, Paris, 2006
Rauschenberg. Express, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid, 2007
Robert Rauschenberg: Gluts, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, 2009
The Artist and the Poet, The Art Institute of Chicago, 2013
The 60s In The Guggenheim Collections. From Informel To Pop Art, Peggy Guggenheim, 2013

robert rauschenberg