jean miotte - portrait

Jean Miotte

(1926-2016)

Jean Miotte was a French painter. His personal form of abstraction places him at the limit between Informal Art, Tachisme and Lyrical Abstraction. The painter Jean Miotte was especially interested in the representation of movement in his art.

Exhibition

jean miotte - catalogue exposition galerie diane de polignac

JEAN MIOTTE
Exhibition catalog

Presentation of the exhibition “JEAN MIOTTE”.

Works

For more information on available artworks by Jean Miotte,
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jean miotte - peinture de 1973

Untitled – 1973

Acrylic on canvas
190 x 130 cm / 74.8 x 51.2 in.
Signed “Miotte” lower right

Artwork analysis

newsletter 9 - jean miotte painting and movement - anglais

“Jean Miotte Painting and Movement”, an analysis of by Mathilde Gubanski

Video

Presentation of the exhibition “JEAN MIOTTE”.

The Years of Studies of the Painter Jean Miotte

Jean Miotte was born in Paris on September 8th, 1926 and spent his youth in Occupied Paris: he was eighteen years old at the end of the war. “It was in this context of upheaval and planetary ideological turmoil that his desire for other values, other spiritual commitments was exacerbated. His hostility towards all forms of regimentation, group effects, dates from this time. At the age of nineteen, he had decided, his path would be solitary” wrote Serge Lenczner. After studying mathematics, Jean Miotte discovered painting during his military service in 1946. He painted the walls of the barracks and said: “I had been struck by the ugliness of the place and the surrounding wall decorations and I swore that as soon as I could I would transform it.” After this, Jean Miotte painted frescoes and theatre sets.
In 1947, Jean Miotte went to the studios of the painters Émile Othon Friesz and Ossip Zadkine. The same year, suffering from tuberculosis, Jean Miotte was hospitalized for many months during which he painted and made drawings. When he left, he painted from life and also created a few imaginary compositions.

The Importance of Dance to Jean Miotte’s Art

The painter Jean Miotte was influenced by the art of Jacques Villon, Georges Rouault and Henri Matisse. He was invited to London by the Ballets Russes and to Monte-Carlo by friends who were dancers and choreographers. Dance is a vital element in his art. Jean Miotte was surrounded by friends who were dancers and choreographers such as Zizi Jeanmaire and Wladimir Skouratoff. Jean Miotte’s first figurative paintings often show dancers. Jean Miotte’s painting was nurtured by theatre and performance. He dreamed of a synthesis of music, painting and choreography. Jean Miotte received a commission from the city of Paris: a large format work entitled Sud which hangs in the main hall of the Bastille Opera House. The writer Castor Seibel wrote about Jean Miotte’s painting: “Beyond all realistic figuration, it is an event in itself that finds its expression in the gestural dynamic and its equivalence in colour… knowing how to combine the contradictory in the form seems possible for Miotte, serenity battles chaos, gentleness and the savage rub shoulders in happiness.”

Jean Miotte’s Early Successes

Jean Miotte travelled to Italy and discovered Quattrocento art. He also met the artists Piero Dorazio, Lorenzo Guerrini and Achille Perilli. On returning to Paris, Jean Miotte was influenced by the paintings of Robert Delaunay and Fernand Léger.

In 1948, Jean Miotte made his first abstract painting. At the time, he was living and working at Meudon where he met the artists Jean Arp and Gino Severini. In 1952, Jean Miotte met Sam Francis and visited his studio at Ville-d’Avray. The following year Jean Miotte exhibited at the Salon des Réalités Nouvelles for the first time; he would continue to exhibit regularly there. The same year, the art critic Michel Seuphor contacted him for his publication Dictionnaire de l’art abstrait which was published in 1957. Miotte’s painting is described in it as: “highly coloured compositions with clearly articulated design that have wall power.” Jean Miotte is a personal work, between Lyrical Abstraction, Informal Art and Tachisme. “The names of the artists who, with their lyricism, are an exception to the general rule of coldness…Jean Miotte, by whom bright and airy painting transmits an undeniable emotion,” wrote the art critic Alain Jouffroy. Jean Miotte’s paintings were created with an immediate gesture, a dazzling energy. “Movement is my life” he recalled. In this, he can be compared to Jackson Pollock.

Jean Miotte never prepared his work with sketches. This differentiated him from Hans Hartung for example. The American art critic Harold Rosenberg appreciated this practice especially: “the most important thing in art is freshness”.
This free and instinctive form of painting was also influenced by Surrealism. The spirit was liberated of all constraints of reflection: “it is the intuition that counts above all when a work is born”. Jean Miotte evoked his work as the “result of internal conflicts, my painting is a projection; a succession of acute moments where creation happens in full spiritual tension. Painting is not a speculation of the mind or the intellect, it is a gesture that is carried within.” Jean Miotte met Roberto Matta who told him: “Surrealism is for me a battle. (…) You, too, you’re a fighter, you’re like me, your paintings aren’t abstract.”
The influence of Cubism is also present. Just as his predecessors decomposed to recompose, Miotte “unmakes”. According to Karl Ruhrberg, with Jean Miotte, it is “the orchestration of a world that explodes”. He also underlined Jean Miotte’s strong connection to his northern origins, especially Frans Hals, “who, like him allied spontaneous painting and harmony between impulse and balance.”

In 1954, Jean Miotte moved his studio to the townhouse of the sculptor Prince Youriévitch in Boulogne, where the artists Jacques Lanzman and Serge Rezvani were also living. The following year, the painter Henri Goetz brought his pupils to visit this studio.

In 1957, Jean Miotte participated in the exhibition 50 Ans d’Art Abstrait at the Galerie Creuse in Paris. A solo exhibition of his work was held at the Galerie Lucien Durand in the same city. From 1958, Jean Miotte was represented in Europe by the dealer Jacques Dubourg. That year, Jean Miotte met the painters André Lanskoy, Serge Poliakoff and Pierre Dmitrienko.

Jean Miotte became successful in Germany where ten exhibitions were devoted to his work during the 1950s, for example at the Kunsthalle of Recklinghausen in 1958. He was also included in a group exhibition of 15 painters at the Cologne Kunstverein. The first work by Miotte to enter a museum was acquired by the Ludwig Museum of Cologne in 1960.

The painter Jean Miotte’s First trip to the USA

Jean Miotte exhibited at the first Paris Biennale in 1959 in the “Section Informels” with Raymond Hains, LeRoy Neiman, Peter Foldes and André Favory. The following year, two paintings by Jean Miotte were included in the inaugural exhibition of the Galerie Karl Flinker in Paris. Paintings by him were also included in the inaugural exhibition of the Galerie Iris Clert. In 1961, Jean Miotte participated with Sam Francis, Georges Mathieu and Jean-Paul Riopelle in the group exhibitions of the Galerie Swenska-Franska in Stockholm and the Galerie Bonnier in Lausanne. That year, he was awarded the Ford Foundation Prize and was invited to spend six months in the USA. The following year, a solo show of his work was organized by the Iolas Gallery in New York. Jean Miotte met the American artists Robert Motherwell, Mark Rothko, Chaïm Jacob Lipchitz and Alexander Calder. He travelled around the USA and gave a lecture at Colorado Spring University.

International Recognition for the Painter Jean Miotte

In 1963, a Jean Miotte retrospective was organized by the Stedelijk Museum of Schiedam and it then transferred to the Gronginger Museum in the Netherlands. Jean Miotte participated the same year in the group exhibition Art Contemporain at the Grand Palais in Paris. In February 1964, the Portuguese art historian José-Augusto França wrote about Jean Miotte’s painting in the magazine Costruire: “A gestural painter in the French spirit, Miotte expresses himself in the constructive despite the impression of immediate vehemence that emanates from his paintings: his art goes beyond the post-war aesthetic, standing out in a more modern way by a conscience of the independence of the idea of creating.”
During the 1960s, many exhibitions of Jean Miotte’s work were organized in Germany, the Netherlands, Denmark and in Belgium. At that time, he worked in the south of France, at Pignans. In 1967, he was again included in an exhibition at the Schiedam Stedelijk Museum, the group show Huit peintres de Paris, along with Chafik Abboud, Olivier Debré, Karskaya, Jean Messagier, Carl Moser, Louis Nalard and Paul Rebeyrolle.

In 1970, Jean Miotte became a member of the Comité des Réalités Nouvelles. He exhibited forty paintings at the Fondation Prouvost at Marcq-en-Barœul. In 1971, Jean Miotte started using hessian bare canvas as an element in his compositions. The following year, he again spent time in the USA, this time in New York and Washington. Forty-six of his canvases were exhibited at the International Monetary Fund in Washington. Jean Miotte moved his studio to Hamburg in Germany.
In 1975, a monograph on Jean Miotte was published, containing a text by the dealer Castor Seibel: “no imitation, no reproduction, but the internal event finds its expression in the colours and a gestural dynamic… Miotte’s painting is a place where the contradictions of our age are no longer expressed in a dualist way…. In this sense, J.M. is an important creator of new forms.”

The following year, Jean Miotte experimented with paper as a support and made eighty gouaches as well as collages of brown paper and newspaper. One of his works was acquired by the Museum of Maassluis in the Netherlands. He exhibited in Padua alongside Enrico Baj, Alexander Calder and Karel Appel. Jean Miotte moved his studio to Vitry. He exhibited at the Malines cultural centre in Belgium at the group show Kunst in Europa 1920-1960 which brought together the big names in contemporary art of the time.

In 1978, Jean Miotte was invited to speak in the context of exhibitions of his work at the French cultural centre in Damascus and then at the museum of Alep in Syria and finally in Amman in Jordan. The same year, he moved his studio to New York where he was represented by the Martha Jackson Gallery.
His work was shown at exhibitions about French painting from the 1950s at the Maison de la culture de Grenoble, at the Musée de Dunkerque and at the Musée de Saint-Omer in France.

Jean Miotte’s Travels in Asia

In May 1980, Jean Miotte exhibited fifty works in Beijing at the French cultural centre. He was the first western painter to be invited to exhibit his work in Beijing after Mao’s death. Jean Miotte took this opportunity to travel around China. In 1982, he exhibited 60 paintings at the Hong Kong Art Center and then at the Institut Franco-Japonais of Tokyo. The following year, Jean Miotte exhibited at the Singapore National Museum and at the National Museum of History of Taipei. In 1984, he was exhibited at the Striped House Museum of Tokyo.

The Guggenheim Museum acquired two works on paper by Jean Miotte in 1987. In 1991, the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris exhibited the prints commissioned by Danielle Mitterrand for her album Mémoire de la liberté. Fifty-five artists were involved in this project including Jean Miotte, Roy Lichtenstein, Antoni Tapies, Sam Francis and Robert Rauschenberg. The following year, a Jean Miotte retrospective was organized at the Palais des Arts de Toulouse.

The Jean Miotte Foundation was opened in New York in 2002 with a permanent collection of his works. Jean Miotte died on March 1st, 2016 at the age of 89.

© Diane de Polignac Gallery
Translation: Jane Mac Avock

jean miotte - photographie

Selected collections

Selected collections

Berlin, Graphotek

Castellon, Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Villafamés

Cologne, Museum Ludwig

Dortmund, Museum am Ostwall

Dhaka, Bangladesh National Museum

Dunkirk (France), Musée d’Art Contemporain

Hamburg, Staats-und Universitätsbibliothek Hamburg Carl von Ossietzky

Maassluis (the Netherlands), Gemeentemuseum

Munich, Staatsgalerie Moderner Kunst

New York, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum

New York, The Museum of Modern Art

New York, The Chelsea Art Museum

Paris, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris

Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale

Paris, Ministère des Affaires Culturelles

Paris, Opéra National Bastille

Paris – La Défense, Fonds National d’Art Contemporain (FNAC)

Paris – La Défense, Fondation d’Art Contemporain CNIT

Rio de Janeiro, Museo de Arte Moderna

Saarbrucken (Germany), Saarlandmuseum, Moderne Galerie

Singapore, National Museum of Singapore

Taichung, Museum of Fine Arts Taiwan

Selected exhibitions

Selected exhibitions

Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Paris, 1953. Participated regularly from this date on

Exposition d’Ouverture, Galerie du Haut du Pavé, Paris, 1954

50 Ans d’Art Abstrait, to coincide with the publication of the Dictionnaire de la Peinture abstraite by Michel Seuphor, Galerie Creuse, Paris, 1957

Galerie Lucien Durand, Paris, 1957

Réalités Nouvelles, Nouvelles Réalités, 13e Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Kunsthalle de Recklinghausen, Recklinghausen (Germany), 1958

Cinq Peintres de Paris: Bogart, Bysantios, Jousselin, Miotte, Mihailovitch, Galleria Attico, Rome, 1958

Section Informel: Hains, Miotte, Neiman, Foldes, Favory …, First Paris Biennale, Paris, 1959

15 Peintres de Paris, Kolnischer Kunstverein, Cologne, 1959, 1962

Ouverture, Galerie Flinker, Paris, 1960

Ouverture, Galerie Iris Clert, Paris, 1960

Galerie Am Dom, Frankfurt, 1960

Galerie Gunar, Düsseldorf, 1960

Exposition Internationale, Museum Wolfram Von Eschenbach, Wolframs-Eschenbach (Germany), 1961

Sam Francis, Mathieu, Miotte, Riopelle, Galerie Swenska Franska, Stockholm, 1961

Galerie Bonnier, Lausanne, 1961

Drian Gallery, London, 1961

Centre Culturel de Mechelen, Mechelen (Belgium), 1961, 1976

Galerie Iolas, New York, 1962

Galerie Jacques Dubourg, Paris, 1963

Stedelijk Museum, Schiedam (The Netherlands), 1963, 1967

Groninger Museum, Groningen (The Netherlands), 1963

Galerie Zodiaque, Brussels, 1963

Grand Palais, Paris, 1963, 1988

Cobra et l’Informel: Appel, Constant, Corneille, Miotte, Riopelle, Tal Coat, Galerie Krikhaar, Amsterdam, 1965

Galerie Dierks, Aarhus (Denmark), 1966, 1968, 1971

Court Gallery, Copenhagen, 1966

Galerie Bio, Aalborg (Denmark), 1967

International Graphies, The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington DC, 1970

Galerie Wünsche, Bonn, 1970, 1974, 1976

Septentrion, Centre Artistique de la Fondation A. Prouvost, Marcq-en-

Baroeul (France), 1970

Huit Peintres de Paris: Abboud, Debré, Karskaya, Messagier, Moser, Miotte, Nalard, Rebeyrolle, Maison de la Culture, Bourges, 1971

International Monetary Fund, Washington DC, 1972

Galerie Dinastia, Lisbon, 1972

Prudhoe Gallery, London, 1973, 1974

Galerie Winter, Braunschweig (Germany), 1975, 1978

Galerie Nieuwe Weg, Doorn (The Netherlands), 1976, 1979, 1984, 1991

Cinq Artistes : Appel, Baj, Calder, Miotte, Scordia, Galerie Alfiere, Padua, 1976

Bishops Gallery, Melbourne, 1977

Damascus Cultural Center, Damascus, 1978

National Museum, Alep, 1978

Amman Cultural Center, Amman, 1978

Musée de Dunkerque, Dunkirk, 1978, 1993

L’Abstraction des Années 50 en France, Maison de la Culture, Grenoble, 1978

L’Abstraction des années 50 en France, Musée de Saint-Omer, 1978

Travelling retrospective in French cultural centres, 1979

Beijing Cultural Center, Beijing: First exhibition of a western artist in the People’s Republic of China, 1980

Galería Lucas, Gandía (Spain), 1980, 1981

Galerie Koppelmann, Leverkusen (Germany), 1980, 1983

Centre Culturel, Montpellier, 1980

Ayala Museum, Manilla, 1981

Museum für Kommunikation Hamburg, Hamburg, 1981

Evergreen Galleries, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, Washington D.C, 1982

Hong-Kong Arts Center, Hong-Kong, 1982

Institut Franco-Japonais de Tokyo, Tokyo, 1982

Trevisan Galleries, Edmonton (Canada), 1982

Paris 59: Fautrier, Feraud, Hartung, Lanskoy, Lipsi, Miotte, Schneider, Sonderborg, Soulages, TaI Coat, Tapies, Galerie Koppelmann, Cologne, 1982

Singapore, National Museum of Singapore, 1983

National Museum of History, Taipei, 1983

Bitran, Chu teh-Chun, Hartung, Miotte, Soulages, Chapelle des Franciscains, Saint-Nazaire, 1983

Galerie La Cité, Luxemburg, 1983, 1987

Striped House Museum, Tokyo, 1984

Vik Gallery, Edmonton (Canada), 1984

Institut Français d’Athènes, Athens, 1984

Deux Peintres, Deux Sculpteurs, Orangerie de Bagatelle, Paris, 1984

Opus Gallery, Miami, 1985

Konstmassan, Stockholm, 1985, 1989

Art Atrium, Stockholm, 1985

Columbia University, New York, 1986

Galerie Keeser, Hamburg, 1987, 1989, 1991

Les Peintres autour d’Arrabal, Musée d’Histoire, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxemburg, 1987

Ciae, Chicago International Art Exhibition, Chicago, 1987

Colloque Euro-Arabe, National Museum of Malta, Malta, 1987

Art in Paris, Pavillon Inter-Continental, Singapore, 1987

Galerie Gimpel & Weitzenhoffer, New York, 1988

Galerie Egelund, Holte, Denmark, 1988, 1990

Espace d’Art Contemporain E. Ungaro, La Rochelle, 1988

Rencontres Écrites, Institut du Monde Arabe, Paris, 1988

Les Années 50: Benrath, Chu teh-Chun, Debré, Dietrich Mohr, Féraud, Hartung, Lanskoy, Miotte, Music, Père, Pichette, de Staël, Subira Puig, Casino de Hyeres, Hyères, 1988

Les années 50, Mécénat Pernod, Paris-Créteil, First venue of a travelling, 1988

Galerie N’namdi, Detroit, 1989

Miotte/Arrabal, Maler und Dichter, Institut Français de Hambourg, Hamburg, 1989

Galerie von Braunbehrens, Munich, 1990, 1992, 1996

Galerie Wild, Frankfurt, 1990, 1992, 1994, 1997

Abstrakte Malerei nach 1945: Miotte, Noël, Schumacher, Sonderborg, Thieler, Haus Sandreuther, Riehen-Basel, 1990

Art et Partage, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nice, 1990

Seibu Museum, Tokyo, 1991

Galerie Jade, Colmar,1991, 1992

Galerie Michael Schultz, Berlin, 1991, 1993, 1997

Mémoire de la Liberté: 55 artists from 23 countries, César, Sam Francis, Miotte, Rauschenberg, Motherwell, Lichtenstein, Tinguely, Tapies, etc., illustrate each article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, organized by the Association France Liberté, Centre Pompidou, Paris, 1991

Collections des Collections; de Paul Klee à Nos Jours, CNIT, Fondation d’Art Contemporain, Paris-La Défense, 1991

Couleurs de la Vie, international travelling exhibition of contemporary art under the patronage of Mme Danielle Mitterand, Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, 1991

Forms of Abstraction, N’namdi Gallery, Birmingham, Michigan, 1991

Palais des Arts, Toulouse, 1992

Shuyu Gallery, Tokyo, 1992

Galerie Saint-Polly, Gunrua (Japan), 1992

Art and Art, Nicaf 92, Yokohama, 1992

Grands Formats, Miami Art Fair, Miami, 1992

Art Multiple, Düsseldorf, 1992, 1994

5 Artistes des Années 50: Christophorou, Debré, Miotte, Féraud, Koch, Centre Culturel Jean Despas, Saint-Tropez, 1993

Hartung et Miotte, Ishi Gallery, Osaka, 1993

Musée des Cordeliers, Châteauroux, 1994

Graphic works, Musée Bertrand, Châteauroux, 1994

30 ans Après: Sam Francis, Jean Miotte, Joan Mitchell, Jean-Paul Riopelle, organized by Chapel Art Center, Hamburg and Cologne, 1994, 1995, 1997

Pour la Paix et la Reconstruction au Liban – 33 Peintres, Musée Sursock, Beirut, 1994

Chinesische Kunst nach 1945 in Europa – Eine Gegenüberstellung : Li Di, Chu teh-Chun, Zao

Rétrospective 1956-1996, Musée Mücsarnok, Budapest, 1996

Les Années 1945-1975, Maison de l’Unesco, Paris, 1996

Arrabal, der Lyriker und die Künstler, Dali, Dorny, Miotte, Saura, Gutenberg Museum, Mayence (Germany), 1996

The Garner Tullis Donation, The Ackland Art Museum, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 1996

Museum Am Ostwall, Dortmund, 1997, 1999, 2000

Ont-ils du Métier ? Propositions pour l’Art Vivant – Agam, Boltansky, César, Claisse, Cruz. Diez, Hains, Honegger, Messager, Miotte, Morellet, Nemours, Soto, Tinguely, Vasarely, Venet…, Galerie Denise René, Paris, 1997

Grenzganger (qui traversent la frontière): Sandro Chia, lan Hamilton Finlay, Markus Lüppertz, Jean Miotte, A.R. Penck, Bernd Zimmer, for the 200th anniversary of Heinrich Heine, Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, Goethe Institut Paris and Marseille, Villa Romana, Florence, 1997

20 Ans d’Exposition, Museum Haus Ludwig für Kunstausstellungen, Saarlouis, 1997

Arbeiten auf Papier (works on paper), Kunstmarkt Dresden, Dresden, 1997

The National Arts Club, New York, 1998

Van Der Togt Museum, Amsterdam-Amstelveen, 1998

Villa Haiss, contemporary art Museum, Zell A.H., Germany, 1998, 2000

Musée d’Art et d’Histoire, Fribourg (Switzerland), 1999

Museum Ludwig, Koblenz (Germany), 2000

Aboa Vetus Ars Nova Museum, Turku (Finland), 2000

Museum of Brno, Czech Republic, 2002

Chelsea Art Museum, New York, 2003, 2005

Museo Fundacion Cristóbal Gabarrón, Valladolid (Spain), 2005

Artrium, Geneva, 2005

Bibliothèque nationale de Nice, Nice, 2005

Jean Miotte, Galerie Diane de Polignac, Paris, 2019

Selected bibliography

Selected bibliography

Michel Seuphor, Dictionnaire de la peinture abstraite, Éditions Fernand Hazan, 1957

Galleria Attico, Exposition Collective avec Bogart, Byzantios, Jousselin, Mihailovitch, Rome, 1958

Kunstverein, Exposition Collective: Sam Francis, George Mathieu, Jean Miotte, C Maussion, Jean-Paul Riopelle, Cologne, 1962

Maison de la Culture de Bourges, Exposition Collective: Karskaya, Debré, Abboud et autres, Bourges, 1972

Michel Ragon, Histoire de l’Art Abstrait, vol. IV, Éditions Maeght, 1975

José-Augusto França, Castor Seibel, Miotte, La Porte Verte, 1975

Chester Himes, Miotte, Éditions SMI, coll. “L’art se raconte”, 1977

Institut français d’Athènes, Écriture et Signes, text by Jean Miotte, Athens, 1984

Gérard Xuriguera, Les Années 50, Éditions Arted, 1985

Fernando Arrabal, Jean Miotte, Devoirs de Vacances, Été 85, Éditions Galilée, Paris, 1986

Marcelin Pleynet, Miotte, Œuvres sur Papier 1950-1965, Éditions Galilée, Paris, 1987

Marcelin Pleynet, Miotte, Éditions la Différence, Paris, 1987

C.M Cluny, Miotte, Peintures et Gouaches, coll. “L’Autre Musée”, Éditions la Différence, 1989

M Chelbi, L’affiche d’art en Europe, Édition Van Wilder, 1989

Jean-Luc Chalumeau, Miotte, coll. “Passeport”, Édition Fragment, Paris, 1990

Bohbot, Miotte, Le Geste Majeur, Édition Navarra, Paris, 1991

Centre Georges Pompidou, catalogue of the exhibition Mémoire de la Liberté, Paris, 1991

Jean-Claude Lambert, Le règne Imaginal, Cercle d’Art, coll. “Diagonales”, 1992